When venturing off-road, it is essential to have a basic set of items for car recovery. This includes gloves, bow shackles, snatch blocks, recovery equipment (straps, chain or extra cable), tree protector, load straps, towing points on your vehicle (front and rear), spade and axe.
- Recovery straps: the straps should be attached with bow shackles to recovery points as the tow ball or goose neck have an insufficient load rating for recovery procedures. Once the shackle is rigged and totally tightened, slacken the pin slightly to make it easier to release after the recovery. Before you begin the procedure, make sure that the area is clear of passengers, bystanders and any obstacles. If needed, clear mud or sand from under the vehicle.
- High-lift Jack: be aware that you should only use a high-lift if you are trained properly as it can be really dangerous. While useful in a variety of situations (used as a jack, a small winching device and a vice), it requires the fitment of secure jacking points on the vehicle. Moreover, always use it in conjunction with a stable base plate to provide a more secure footing that spreads the load over a greater area.
- Air jack: it refers to large bags made of PVC that are filled with air from the exhaust and can quickly lift the vehicle for car recovery. Expensive, but lightweight and easily stored, you cannot expose it to any hot vehicle components or to sharp objects.
Winching: While keeping the area clear of passengers, drape a blanket over the winch strap to reduce the injury risk if it snaps. Be sure to use an attach point that can withstand the strain.